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Total Knee Replacement: Things You Need to Know

Total knee replacement is a miracle of scientific technology to lessen the effects of Joint pain and joint arthritis.

The majority of the Indians are undergoing knee implantation in order to attain a healthy lifestyle. 

You should need to know the fundamental aspects of total joint replacement before taking it into consideration.

The following are some common questions asked by potential patients which include details that you need to know.

How Can I Know About the Requirement for Knee Replacement Surgery?

After consulting with your orthopedic surgeon you can both come to a decision about the need for knee replacement surgery.

In general, if you are facing hardships to carry out your daily activities, then the doctor will definitely advise you of the total knee replacement.

Generally, during the initial times, the doctor suggests physiotherapy, weight loss, strengthening exercise, anti-inflammatory medications, and ointments.

Arthroscopy (MIS) or hyaluronic acid injections May also be advisable for Milnor Injuries.

When the above possible solutions do not give fruitful results then TKR is the best option to go for.

This is a type of Surgery that marvelously restores the new joints to enjoy a healthy lifestyle. 

What Is the Procedure of Total Knee Replacement Surgery?

For the Surgery, First of all, surgeons make a slit in the area nearly about 6 to 10 inches.

After placing the Knee cap on one side, the next step is the removal of the damaged surface and preparing them to replace them with the new one.

After attaching the new elements with surgical cement, they move joints to check the movement of new joints.

Then the incision is closed and it nearly takes 2-3 hours to complete the whole process. 

What Are the Other Options for Total Joint Replacement?

Arthritis can actually be painful and you may want to consider a total knee replacement.

However, there are some aspects that stop you from going through the surgery.

It might be your age factor, as the artificial components have ages of 15-20 years so it is not suitable for youngsters. 

Moreover, there are some alternatives that can assist you to delay the procedure.

Absolutely delay only because arthritis does not settle easily yet the pain can be controlled by the following measures:

  • Weight loss and exercises
  • PRP or Hyaluronic acid injections.
  • Physical Therapy
  • Arthroscopy
  • nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

What is the Meaning of Artificial Joint?

The artificial pair of joints used in total joint replacement are made up of metal and plastic.

It consists of three components that are the tibial, the femoral, the patellar.

These parts connect the joint of the knee to the top of the Shinbone known as the tibia, the base of the thigh bone that is the femur, and the bottom of the knee cap that touches the Femur.  

What Should I Do After the Surgery?

During the initial days, you will need help with walking and personal care.

But try to walk at least 150 to 300 feet with the help of a walker or crutch.

It would be best to keep stock of frozen food and groceries. 

You need to walk regularly for a few minutes.

It can be painful but it accelerates recovery.

Initially seek the help of a physiotherapist.

After that, you can start on your own with stationary cycling and other recommended exercises.

All of the above play a significant role in the mobility and smooth functioning of the new joint. 

What Alterations Do I Need to Make at Home Prior to Knee Replacement Surgery?

Immediately after the total knee replacement surgery, you may need some or all of the following:

  • Extra pillows to lift arms
  • Ice packs
  • A mobile toilet seat right next to the bed.
  • Walker or cruthces
  • Assistance with cooking and cleaning
  • A bed of particular height
  • If there are stairs then shift to the ground floor room
  • Help with medications and appointments

What Are the Various Types of Knee Replacement Implants?

Different types of fixation are used to connect knee implants to bone. It usually consists of three types of materials: Metal, Plastic, and Ceramic 

On the basis of structure, it can be broadly classified into three main types: 

  1. Fixed bearing
  2. Mobile bearing
  3. Medial pivot

The structure of the knee is more like a hinge joint.

However, the natural motion of our biological hinge is more varied than that of an implant.

A medial pivot implant mimics actual movement by incorporating ball and socket access.

The durability of all variants is almost the same.

About The Author

Tanveer Bhutani
Eva Hospital encompasses various modern orthopedic practices pioneered by the prominent orthopedic surgeon in Ludhiana “Dr. Tanveer Singh Bhutani”.

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