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Things You Should Know About Arthritis and Hip Replacement Surgery

Arthritis and Hip Replacement Surgery

Hip Replacement Surgery is a process in which a doctor surgically removes a painful hip joint and replaces that with an artificial joint made mostly of metal and plastic parts.

One of the most appropriate and effective alternatives over all other treatments that are not able to give adequate relief from pain, is the hip replacement surgery involving the removal of the parts of the hip joint that are causing the problem, mostly ball and socket and they are replaced with new parts made from metal, plastic or ceramic.

 

Hip Anatomy

One of the largest joints in the body, the waist, is a ball-and-socket joint that allows a good range of motion in any direction.

The upper end of the femur or femoral head forms the ball of the hip joint and is located at the top of the thigh bone, which rotates inside a hollow in the pelvis which is known as the acetabulum.

The bone surface of the ball and socket is covered with a soft tissue called articular cartilage, which buffers the ends of the bones and helps them move smoothly.

A thin tissue known as the synovial membrane and usually covers the joints of the hip and forms the fluid that lubricates the cartilage, therefore all friction produced during movement of the hip gets eliminated.

Ligaments (bands of tissue) attach the ball to the socket and provide stability to the joint.

 

Causes of Hip Pain

Arthritis is the biggest cause of chronic hip pain and disability. Various types of arthritis are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and traumatic arthritis.

Osteoarthritis is an age-related “wear and tear” type of arthritis that most commonly occurs in people 50 years of age and older. The cartilage that divides the hip bones is removed, causing the bones to rub against each other, resulting in lower back pain and stiffness.

Rheumatoid Arthritis: The most common type of disorder is called “inflammatory arthritis”, rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease in which the synovial membrane swells and thickens, eventually damaging the cartilage, which causes pain and stiffness.

Post-traumatic arthritis: Severe injury or fracture of the hip can sometimes damage the cartilage, causing pain and stiffness in the hip over time.

Childhood hip disease: Some infants and children may have back problems that are successfully treated in childhood, yet later in life, it can lead to arthritis because sometimes the waist does not grow normally and May affect joint surfaces.

Related Article: Minimally Invasive Knee And Hip Replacement

 

The Role of Surgery

With osteoarthritis, the smooth articular cartilage wears away and becomes rough and frayed in the hip.

If your hip is damaged due to arthritis, normal tasks such as walking or sitting, wearing shoes and socks, etc., can become painful and difficult. One may feel uncomfortable even while resting.

If symptoms are not sufficiently relieved with medications, changes in daily activities, and the use of walking support, you may want to consider hip replacement surgery.

A safe and effective process, hip replacement surgery can relieve pain, increase range of motion, and help you live a normal, pain-free life.

There are no restrictions on the basis of age or weight for a total hip replacement.

Total hip replacement has a high success rate for all ages, from adolescents with juvenile arthritis to elderly patients with degenerative arthritis.

 

Surgery

This surgery usually takes 1 to 2 hours. The damaged cartilage and bone were removed by an orthopedic surgeon.

A metal stem is placed in the hollow center of the femur to replace the damaged femoral head along with a metal or ceramic ball placed on top of the stem. This ball behaves as a replacement for the damaged femoral head.

A metal socket is used in place of the damaged cartilage surface by using screws to keep the socket in place.

After that, the surgeon implants a new metal, plastic, or ceramic to restore alignment and function of the hip.

 

Survival Activities After Hip Replacement Surgery

Approximately six to 12 months after hip replacement surgery, swinging or twisting on that particular leg should be avoided, and the patient should not cross the medial line of the body and bend it inwards or behind 90 degrees. Crossing over should be avoided.

The physical therapist provides techniques and adaptive tools to help you follow guidelines and precautions when performing daily activities. It is highly advised to follow the recommendations of the doctor.

 

Recovery

The success of this surgery depends on how well the orthopedic surgeon’s instructions regarding home care are followed during the first few weeks post-surgery.

 

Is Hip Replacement Surgery Safe?

After being performed for many years now hip replacement surgeries and surgical techniques are highly successful and safe especially when performed by experienced orthopedic surgeons like Dr. Tanveer Bhutani at EVA Hospital Ludhiana, who is known to perform such complex and sensitive surgeries.

An experienced surgeon will prescribe enough medicines to help you prevent blood clots, infection, and bleeding.

 

The Life of Altered Joints

Advancements in surgical techniques and artificial material for joints are making these types of implants very successful.

After total hip replacement surgery, realistic activities include endless walking, swimming, golf, driving, hiking, biking, dancing and other low-impact sports, with proper activity modification, hip replacement can last for many years.

About The Author

Tanveer Bhutani
Eva Hospital encompasses various modern orthopedic practices pioneered by the prominent orthopedic surgeon in Ludhiana “Dr. Tanveer Singh Bhutani”.

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