Stress fractures take place when the bones have small cracks in them due to various reasons such as strenuous physical activity or repeated stress on similar bones.
It interferes with one’s ability to move and causes excessive pain. However, there are cases where they heal naturally over time when a person rests and avoids stressful physical activities. It is best to go to a specialist for treatment as soon as possible.
The main reason for a stress fracture is the excessive stress on the bones of the lower leg over a certain period of time. The below areas are most susceptible to stress fracture:
- Fibula – calf bone
- Tibia – Also known as the shinbone or leg bone
- Metatarsals – Foot bones
- Navicular – also called tarsal bones. This is also afoot bone but shooter than Metatarsal.
Who Is Likely to Get a Stress Fracture?
Athletes, gymnasts, and sportsmen are most prone to stress fractures at some point in their lives.
It is caused by strenuous exercise, injury while playing, or prolonged stress on bones and is more prone to occur mainly in people involved in sports and athletics.
However, stress fractures can also be common in regular individuals if they have been putting too much pressure on a part of their bones while doing some activity for a period of time.
Patients who suffer from stress fractures may experience spondylolysis which is low back pain.
Dr. Tanveer Bhutani of Eva hospital, who has been able to cure many patients under his supervision along with providing the best possible treatment after proper diagnosis.
Eva hospital Ludhiana is properly equipped as well as specialized for providing the treatment of stress fracture. If you have one of the following symptoms, we encourage you to visit Eva Hospital as soon as possible:
- experience pain in your leg bones
- sudden muscle cramps
- decrease in muscle strength
- Inability to be mobile normally
- persistent pain or noticeable swelling
Diagnosis of Stress Fractures
At Eva Hospital, we assure that our patients get the best treatment by using the latest technology and providing a solid diagnosis.
We use the following tools to diagnose stress fractures in patients:
- X-ray- this is for patients who are not in advanced stages
- Bone scan – radioactive tracer which is more accurate
- Computer tomography (CT) scan – gives a deeper insight from different angles
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan – accurate, reliable, and a contemporary method of diagnosis.
Treatment of Stress Fracture
There are several ways to treat stress fractures. This mainly depends on the patient and the extent of the injury. The main methods of treatment include operation and change of lifestyle and diet.
Rest is the most prominent factor in the treatment of stress fracture. It is important to allow the bone that is damaged as a result of physical activity to heal completely and to avoid putting too much pressure on it.
Physiotherapy or ice packs are also given to patients for treatment and to reduce pain. Walking boots and leg braces are given if the patient recovers quickly.
In case of severe injuries and extreme stress fractures, patients may undergo surgery or bone remodeling. These methods are commonly used by leading athletes and sportsmen to recover quickly. Doctors also give extra doses of vitamin D and calcium to strengthen muscles and bones.
Stress fractures are treatable and easily remedied with the help of proper diagnosis and treatment.