Usually, sportspersons get injured during practice sessions or matches. They suffer from a variety of muscle injuries commonly referred to as sports injuries. Three main categories of Athletic injuries are— acute, overuse, and chronic. Acute injuries usually result from direct trauma to the site in the previous 4-5 days. Overuse injuries occur over time with repetitive strain and strain on a group of muscles or ligaments. The chronic are those that have been haunting for as long as a few months.
Types of Sports Injuries
Different types of sports injuries present different symptoms and complications. Common types of sports injuries include:
Knee Injury: While doing stretching exercises, the tissues near the knee can get strained. This can cause knee injury.
Sprains: Sprains are caused by excessive stretching or tearing of the ligaments. The pieces of tissues called ligaments to join two bones together.
Strain: Athletes often suffer from tense muscles. These are similar to sprains that can be caused by a fracture of muscle or a tendon. Tendons are thick and fibrous strands of tissue that join the bone to muscle. Usually, these are mistaken for sprains.
Fractures: Sports personalities can suffer from minor to severe fractures or broken bones.
Achilles tendon rupture: It is also very common. The Achilles tendon is the largest tendon at the back of the ankle. It can rupture while playing the game, which can cause severe pain in the foot and difficulty in walking.
Rotator cuff injury: A rotator cuff is a group of muscles that move the shoulder in all directions. In addition to external trauma, excessive use can cause swelling or tears muscles which weaken the rotator cuff.
Tennis/Golf Elbow: It is also known as epicondylitis. This is a common injury among golfers, cricketers, and tennis players.
Dislocations: When a bone is pulled out of its socket, especially in a joint, it is called a dislocation. This is commonly seen in active sports. It can be painful and cause swelling and weakness.
Although some sports injuries may be mild yet others may need emergency care or immediate treatment. Signs of such situations are: –
- Excessive swelling and soreness at the injury site.
- Visible lumps or similar abnormalities.
- Pressing the joint while walking.
- Inability to put weight on the joint.
At first, the strain or sprain is treated with the help of the RICE method that is- Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation for the day or half. It is good for all light sports and provides relief from pain.
Tears need medical care as well as surgery in some cases. Bone fractures are treated by applying plaster to the bone.
Sports injury Specialists are professionals who treat the injuries of the players as per the intensity of the game, estimated recovery time, and individual choices.
A compound fracture may require the bone to return to its proper place in the body. The bone breaks into pieces in a complete fracture which can penetrate the skin. In both cases, immediate action is needed.
Athletes commonly break bones in the ankles, wrists, ribs, hips, or feet. The most important part is casting and restricting movement.
While some injuries cannot be prevented because they are part of playing a game, there are several ways to prevent serious injuries and tears.
- Warm-up & Stretching: Hot muscles are flexible and more resistant to injury. A proper and lengthy warm-up and stretching exercises go a long way in preventing accidents on the field.
- Follow proper techniques: Always follow your coach’s instructions. Learn the right way to go during sports or training.
- Cooldown: Cooling is just as important as warming up. To cool down, do the same stretches that you did in the beginning.
- Use the Right Equipment: Using inappropriate, incorrectly sized, or inferior sports equipment will put you at risk of injury and take you away from your favorite sport.
- Use the right gear: This is especially true for footwear. Wear proper shoes. You must have proper athletic protection. For example, tennis, football and jogging shoes are all different. Also, keep in mind the size.
- Be Slow and Steady: Don’t overdo things in excitement. Shortcuts can put you in a cast or bandage when you’re forced to rest.
- Heal Properly: Do not rush to start training after an injury. Wait till it is completely cured. In addition, slow build-up to the previous level after the injury.
Dr. Tanveer Singh Bhutani is a Sports Injury Specialist and an Orthopedic Surgeon based in Ludhiana, whose expertise is immense. Book your appointment to consult a super-specialist at Eva Hospital if you have any of the above-discussed symptoms.