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The Present state of the Art in Arthroplasty

Every year, hundreds of people undergo joint replacement surgery or arthroplasty. At Eva Hospital, cutting-edge technology has made these implants easier, and faster to recover from. The joints are made from more durable material and operated with the most advanced equipment and techniques.

Let us take a look at the ways in which advancement in medical science is making a difference in the field of total joint replacement operations.

High-Quality Joint Materials

Strong and long-lasting materials are now being used to fashion the implant used in arthroplasty. A contemporary plastic compound called highly cross-linked polyethylene is now being used as an improved material that does not oxidize inside the body and has a long life.

Modern combinations of plastic and ceramic components in implants are also more durable and can last longer than previous materials with fewer side effects.

The Growing Number of Joint Replacements

Nowadays, more and more people in the age group of 45 to 65 are undergoing arthroplasty. People want a more active life. Not only the knee but also other types of joint replacements have increased – shoulder, hip, ankle, elbow, and wrist.

At the Eva Orthopedic Care Center, the most advanced techniques, latest methods, and combined materials are applied. The aim is to achieve active and long-lasting health, free from joint pain. Minimally invasive surgery and non-surgical options can also be discussed to get the best option for your bone and joint health.

Overall Total Knee Replacement

With traditional TKR or knee arthroplasty, a significant number of patients may complain of limited knee flexion or maybe a normal gait.

But, the combination of the principles of kinematic alignment provides a better outcome and patient satisfaction. KA restores three kinetic axes of the knee, ie

  • Transverse axis in femur flexing the tibia,
  • Transverse axis in femur controlling patella extension,
  • The longitudinal axis in the tibia, which rotates it on the femur.

The main principle of the KA method is the rehabilitation of the three axes, the Jolo (joint line orientation angle), as well as the soft tissue. It also improves walking, and the range of knee motion (ROM).

State of the Art Hip Replacement

Healthy joints and pain-free movement are conducive to life. When your orthopedic surgeon suggests that surgical replacement of your hip joint is the best option for being active and pain-free, you are bound to be curious about the state of the art in hip arthroplasty.

In a minimally invasive hip replacement, the damaged hip ball and socket are removed and replaced with a synthetic ball and socket joint.

New implants are attached to your own bones, with a new sliding surface in the middle. The result is pain relief and a quick return to a normal and active lifestyle.

Traditional hip arthroplasty involves long incisions. The recovery period is also long. In the latest method of minimally invasive hip replacement surgery, the surgeon uses specialized equipment to make small incisions.

It causes little or no damage to healthy tissue and tendons around the joint. The result is reduced downtime and faster recovery.

According to Dr. Tanvir Singh Bhutani, another promising surgical technique is biological hip joint replacement, in which the new joint is not from prosthetic material, but from donated bone and cartilage.

The current state of the art in hip replacement achieves excellent patient outcomes with minimal rehabilitation.

Robotic Techniques in Orthopedics

Over the past five years, robotic orthopedic surgery has defined the state of the art in arthroplasty.

The results of knee joint replacement have indicated that robotic systems can improve coronal alignment and bring better results than traditional acupuncture TKRs.

More recent results of robot-assisted arthroplasty suggest better implant positioning.


The navigation system has recently been developed to achieve precise prosthetic alignment in total knee arthroplasty (TKA).

Computer-assisted navigation for the knee yields improved bone redness and precise implant placement. Trials and research have been conducted to establish its efficiency in total joint arthroplasty.

Results have shown an improvement in the axis and rotation of the femoral component. In other specialties like the spine, the benefits of navigation are clearly established.


About The Author

Tanveer Bhutani
Eva Hospital encompasses various modern orthopedic practices pioneered by the prominent orthopedic surgeon in Ludhiana “Dr. Tanveer Singh Bhutani”.