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Partial Replacement Hip Surgery

Overview

Removal and replacement of the ball of the hip joint are called partial replacement hip surgery. The socket is not replaced and this surgery is mostly done to repair some types of hip fractures. The type and extent of the injury or condition determine whether one needs partial or total replacement hip surgery.

When the damaged hip joint and its part is replaced, This whole process is called partial hip replacementThe surgery is done under general or local anesthesia depending on your overall health.

However, partial hip replacement is not suggested to treat injuries or conditions related to arthritis. The degenerative effects of arthritis are bound to affect the entire hip joint sooner or later. Generally, for patients showing signs of arthritis, total hip replacement surgery is recommended.

Technique & Procedure  

The broken femoral head is removed, and the fractured end of the neck is trimmed by inserting a femoral stem (a one-piece prosthesis of stem and ball).

A ceramic or metal ball attached to a metal femoral stem is called a hip implant. The thigh bone is also known as femur bone is established at the core of the stem and is firmly fixed to the femur in one of two ways:

  1. Cement to the bone.
  2. Non-cemented, in which the stem has a porous coating from which the bone grows.

There is no interference with the acetabulum as it is still in very good condition. Most partial hip replacement surgeries take less than an hour.

This procedure may involve a doctor performing open surgery, in which they make a long incision running diagonally across the joint, or a computer-assisted less-invasive procedure that requires only one or two small cuts. The preference of Computer-assisted surgery is done whenever the bone or a part of the bone needs to be realigned or resurfaced.

Post Surgery Recovery

Post-surgery pain is controlled with intravenous medications. Medication is also given to prevent infection, blood clots, and nausea. The patient is taught how to move the body without removing the hip.

Until the hips are completely healed, there are certain precautions to be followed such as avoiding twisting at the hips, keeping your shoulders, hips, knees, and feet forward, and not crossing the legs or feet.

Also Read:- Hip And Knee Osteoarthritis

Recovery & Hospital Stay  

Typically, a partial hip replacement has a shorter hospital stay. On the day of surgery, the person begins to stand and walk with support. Patients can go home within 24-48 hours after the care team has ensured that the patient is well

  • Able to use the bathroom without assistance.
  • Walk on flat surfaces with the help of accessories.
  • Climb up and down at least two or three steps.

Patients may need someone to help them at home for the next few weeks or until they have more energy. A walker, crutches, or cane may be needed for a few weeks. Walking a few times every day helps in getting back the strength faster. Cold packs on the hips can help with the pain.

Patients have also been instructed to exercise religiously at home. The recovery plan also includes comprehensive outpatient physical therapy to help the person regain strength, improve range of motion, function, and return to normal activities.

Avoid driving until the doctor says it is okay to drive. It can take up to 6 months for patients to recover from hip replacement surgery. Walking and physical therapy exercises speed up recovery. 

Activities such as golfing, biking, swimming, or dancing can be fully resumed a few months after surgery. But running, playing tennis, and doing other things that put a lot of pressure on the joints are discouraged.

Conclusion 

Partial hip replacement surgery is a highly recommended method for repairing most hip fractures. It is a very successful method that helps patients to lead a normal life after a few months of surgery.

Dr. Tanveer Bhutani has performed several successful partial hip replacement surgeries at Eva Hospital.

The hospital is fully equipped for post-surgery management and rehabilitation of patients.

About The Author

Tanveer Bhutani
Eva Hospital encompasses various modern orthopedic practices pioneered by the prominent orthopedic surgeon in Ludhiana “Dr. Tanveer Singh Bhutani”.

5 Comments

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