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Hip and Knee Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is one of the most common serious problems that mainly affects patients over the age of 70 but can also affect younger people. The seriousness of osteoarthritis increases with age. The most affected joints in arthritis are the knees, hands, and hips.

Generally, people over the age of 50 suffer from a degenerative type of arthritis known as osteoarthritis, even younger people can also suffer from this. 


During our lifetime our joints go through a simple cycle of joints, tears, and repairs. So as the joints repair on their own, this changes their shape and texture. If this alteration takes place in one or more joints then it is called osteoarthritis. 

The portion of the human body where two or more bones join with each other is known as the joint. It can affect any joint of the body but most commonly it affects the joints that bear most of our weight, like hips and knees.

There is no damage to a healthy joint bone, cartilage, or synovium. Cartilage is a layer of hard, smooth, and slippery tissue that helps the surface of bones rotate freely against each other. But when a joint develops rheumatoid arthritis, part of this cartilage becomes thinner which further complicates the surface, which prevents the smooth movement of the joint.

As the cartilage deteriorates or deteriorates, the tissues inside the joint become more active than usual as a result of trying to repair the damage to the body. Although the structure of the joints changes, still joints can function normally without any pain or stiffness. Generally, it can be seen that osteoarthritis develops in some of the joints with age, even if we don’t know about it.

In many people osteoarthritis causes a thinning of the cartilage in the knee and hip joints, by which the surface becomes rough, leading to swelling, pain, and joint stiffness.


The risk of developing arthritis depends on many factors, mainly age. It usually starts in the late 40s. This can be caused by physical changes such as muscle weakness, weight gain, and the body loses its ability to heal effectively.

Other causes of joint damage may include a back injury such as a torn cartilage, dislocated joints, or ligament injuries.

Osteoarthritis can also be caused by joint Deterioration, obesity, changing weather, and poor posture. Family history and gender may also play a role in increasing your risk of osteoarthritis.


Osteoarthritis symptoms can vary depending on the daily routine of each person.

The main symptoms of osteoarthritis are pain, tenderness, and stiffness in the affected joints. Pain that feels stiff in the joints after moving or at rest can be a sign of osteoarthritis. They may look swollen, stiff, and knee-deep. Free and normal movement may be hindered and it may produce a crackling sound while making movement. As the disease progresses, the pain may become more intense.


The main aim of treating osteoarthritis is to improve the mobility and lifestyle of the person. The main focus is on the functioning and pain of the hip and knee joints.

Relaxation and joint care, the use of a cane to help lose weight from affected joints, pain relief methods, weight loss, and exercise are also recommended.

Acetaminophen (Tylenol), a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug such as ibuprofen, is sometimes used to manage pain.

Sometimes surgery, complementary and alternative therapies are also used to manage the condition.

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Types Of Surgeries 

Joint Replacement Surgery

On the failure of all osteoarthritis treatment, it is often recommended to go for joint replacement surgery. This helps reduce pain and improve the ability to move the affected joint. This surgery means the removal of all or a few parts of the joint and replacing them with an artificial one, which is made up of metal or plastic. 

The success rate of this type of surgery performed by a competent surgeon is very high and can help the person to lead a pain-free life.

Arthroscopic surgery

This involves the insertion of a thin tube along with a small camera through a small opening into the skin to check the inside of the knee. Then he removes the damaged cartilage. The knee may also be cleaned to remove loose bone or pieces of cartilage that cause pain. After a few days, one can resume normal activities. This provides short-term relief from pain and delays more complex surgery.


Osteoarthritis is a painful condition that can interfere with a person’s normal activities and lifestyle. It can be treated by a qualified orthopedic doctor. Joint replacement surgery is a new technique to get rid of this condition along with a high success rate.

About the Doctor

Dr. Tanveer Bhutani is a renowned Orthopedic Joint Replacement Surgeon with extensive experience in the treatment of hip and knee arthritis. You can consult or visit us by booking an appointment.

About The Author

Tanveer Bhutani
Eva Hospital encompasses various modern orthopedic practices pioneered by the prominent orthopedic surgeon in Ludhiana “Dr. Tanveer Singh Bhutani”.


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