Arthritis is a joint condition that was initially known to affect the old, but the current studies depict escalating arthritis cases in individuals aged 50 and above. According to a recently conducted study, India will have 60 million cases of osteoarthritis by 2025. The study also indicated that osteoarthritis is the most prevalent type of arthritis affecting over 15 million adults in India each year.
Knee arthritis, which is the commonest type of joint disorder is a progressive condition triggered by the gradual loss of cartilage and results in the development of bony spurs and cysts along the borders of the joints. The condition affects both males and females regardless of their designations. To understand why many have knee arthritis, evaluations were made and these are the commonest triggers;
A number of knee arthritis cases are triggered by a sedentary lifestyle that only involves eating, sleeping, and worsened by the use of illicit drugs. Many individuals only engage in physical exercises at a later age, but engaging in several activities during one’s youth can reduce chances of knee arthritis.
The lack of physical exercises and consuming fatty foods are some of the major causes of fat accumulation in the various locations of the body. Fat is basically known to impose extra pounds on the knee joint which causes pressure. In the long run, the cartilage is weakened significantly in the weight-bearing joint (knee).
Knee pain is also common in perimenopause, due to hormonal imbalances. Oestrogen is known for protecting knee diseases in women, but as a woman heads into her menopause, the hormone is reduced which triggers knee arthritis.
Certain habits like sitting cross-legged, standing for long hours, squatting are known to be potential triggers for arthritis in the long run. Similarly, smoking may trigger knee arthritis since it is widely associated with chronic musculoskeletal conditions.
Other factors like genetics, age, malnutrition, injuries, and medical conditions can trigger knee pain.
What are the Common Symptoms ?
Swelling, a popping sound, cracking, warmth, and stiffness are some of the common symptoms of knee arthritis. Osteoarthritis is mainly divided into two classes and they include primary and secondary Osteoarthritis. The condition is known to have a prevalence of up to 39% in India and it is common in women than in men.
The risk increases with age, especially with primary Osteoarthritis, but secondary Osteoarthritis can affect an individual at any age.