Knee arthroscopy –It is the name given to a procedure in which the surgeon investigates and rectifies problems with an arthroscope. An arthroscope is a small tool which makes it possible for the surgeon to inspect a joint for internal damage. The process is made easier by the attachment of a camera to the arthroscope. Knee Arthroscopy requires very small cuts, which makes it a comparatively less invasive procedure. It is instrumental in both diagnosing and treating any problems in joints. Of late, knee arthroscopy has become popular as it can treat common knee conditions within a short span of 1 hour.
Benefits of Knee arthroscopy
Obviously, it is a less invasive procedure. It plays a significant role in diagnosing persistent joint pain, stiffness and floating bone or cartilage fragments. A build-up of fluid or damaged cartilage can also be diagnosed with the help of arthroscope. One can easily enumerate the benefits of arthroscopy as less damage to the tissue, rapid healing time and fewer number of stitches. It also helps in reducing the pain quotient after surgery and lowering the risk of post-surgical infection due to small incisions.
Preparation for Arthroscopy
Ortho Doctors may suggest some gentle exercises before the surgery. If a person is on some medication,he may need to stop it.Even ibuprofen may be required to be stopped. Avoiding eating a good 12 hours before the surgery is recommended if general anesthesia has been suggested. Regulations on diet may be suggested by the surgeon. He may even issue painkiller medication before the surgery just to avoid any unnecessary delay.
The procedure starts with the administration of anesthesia.Usually, local anesthesia is administered. A few cuts are made after which saline solution is pumped into the area to expand the knee and make the task easier for the surgeon. With the insertion of the arthroscope, the surgeons are able to explore the knee, identify problems and take pictures.If the problem can be treated with arthroscopy, then the surgeon uses small tools to correct the issue. After this,the saline solution is pumped out and the incisions are stitched up.
The recovery time is going to be less as compared to open surgery. the patient must apply ice on the affected area to reduce swelling and alleviate pain. One must rest and get the dressing changed regularly.Keeping the leg in an elevated position and walking with the support of crutches will also prove to be helpful. The Painkillers suggested by the doctor must be taken.Aspirin may be taken in some cases to reduce the risk of blood clots. While light activities can be resumed after a period of 1-3 weeks, other physical activities may are resumed after a period of 6-8 weeks.