Arthritis is one of the most common disorders that come with aging. It happens when the cartilage in the knees starts breaking down. As it provides a cushion to the joints. Its breakdown leads to pain, stiffness, and swelling.
There is more of management rather than the treatment involved in its cure. You can take many, measures to improve the quality of your life and your daily activities. Arthritis treatment often includes a combination of various lifestyle management techniques. An ortho doctor is the best person to guide you about arthritis.
The Course of Treatment
Your treatment plan will be in accordance with your medical history, the level of pain experienced and the impact of the condition on your daily life. Let us take a look at the management techniques-
1. Habits Which are Health Oriented
Doctors will primarily suggest an active lifestyle for maintaining your joints in a proper condition. Regular exercise is indeed helpful in maintaining a healthy weight and easing the strain on the joints. It also helps in preserving the range of motion in the joints. Other benefits of exercise include improvement in muscle strength and reduction in joint pain and swelling.
Low impact exercises like walking, swimming and biking are preferred.
2. Have a Weight Check
Overweight people are generally prone to joints problems. A lighter weight will mean less stress on your knees and alleviation of the symptoms. For this, you need to take a healthy diet along with adopting an active lifestyle. Take a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, low on fats, sugar salt, and processed food. Avoiding red meat, fried foods and eating fish will help you a lot in maintaining your weight.
3. Stretch your Body
Start your day with stretching exercises, it will be really helpful in helping your joints. Stretching helps in loosening the joints and preventing the symptoms from getting pronounced during the day. Yoga is a great way to get your joints working.
Many medicines which help in arthritis pain are –
- Acetaminophen (Tylenol) – It is useful for mild to moderate pain. The side effects are often felt in the form of nausea and stomach pain.
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
They are used if acetaminophen fails to provide relief. Naproxen (Aleve) or ibuprofen (Motrin) are common NSAIDS. These OTC medicines can cause stomach problems.
In case you have severe symptoms your doctor may prescribe:
- COX-2 inhibitors. They are prescription-strength NSAIDs. Celecoxib (Celebrex) is a common COX-2 inhibitor. They result in fewer stomach problems but may cause serious problems in the heart.
- Hyaluronic acid: It is used as a joint-replacement fluid. It functions as a lubricating agent. It also acts as a shock absorber. There are chances that it might break down in the body, so one has to be careful about this treatment. The acid is given in the form of an injection.
Alternate therapies like physical therapy and occupational therapy may be given to help you cope with everyday activities in an efficient manner.