An insight on Osteoarthritis and whether everyone can put up with a surgery.
Osteoarthritis has for decades affected ageing individuals, but lately, the victims are increasing. Osteoarthritis is a form of arthritis that triggers damage and loss of cartilage in one or more of the body joints.
Osteoarthritis commonly affects the older adults or the middle-aged and to eliminate pain in the hip, a surgery may be recommended.
An evaluation is considered crucial before undergoing hip replacement. It is quite important to note that there are no blood tests for diagnosing osteoarthritis. Any blood test conducted is aimed at excluding any medical condition that can trigger secondary osteoarthritis and related medical conditions.
Generally, X-ray, Arthroscopy, and Arthrocentesis are commonly performed to get clear pictures of the diseased hip. These are also useful in excluding other conditions like infection, and removing joint fluid.
The surgeon will then compare and analyze the derived diagnostic results to come up with an ideal surgical approach. Arthroscopy, partial hip replacement or total hip replacement are the surgical options to consider.
The Knee’s Anatomy & The Hip’s Anatomy
The knee is one of the complex joints on the human body. It is generally made of ligaments, bones, tendons, cartilage, and meniscus. Apart from arthritis, the fractures, torn cartilage or ligaments can cause irreversible damage that may require knee replacement.
Basically, the knee connects the ‘femur’-thigh bone to the shin bone, known as the Tibia. There are also other smaller bones that run alongside the fibula and the patella that complete the knee joint.
On the other hand, the hip is another crucial joint normally categorized as a ball-and-socket synovial joint. The head of the femur bone/thigh bone is known as the ball ‘femoral head’ and the pelvic bone is known as the acetabulum. The acetabular ligaments hold the ball and the acetabulum together and within the hip is the hyaline cartilage that covers the cavity in which the femoral head moves by providing lubrication and acting as a shock absorber.
Normally, onset osteoarthritis cases can be tamed within a joint, but untimely treatment can cause the condition to either travel from the hip joint to the knee joint or vice versa. It is also common for an infection to travel through the bloodstream to other joints, which can cause hip or joint pain.
In cases of extreme damage, surgery is the only option to obtain a quality life. A partial hip replacement is conducted by introducing an artificial compartment in the diseased location after retrieving the diseased part, whereas a total hip replacement involves replacing the entire hip with artificial components (prosthesis).
Should I opt for a Hip Replacement Due to Osteoarthritis?
Decisions regarding hip replacement are critical, but in most cases, the failure of non-surgical treatments to offer relief from pain and help one lead a normal life only induce hip replacement to be an ultimate solution.
An individual may also undergo a hip replacement surgery in case the involved risks are lower or normal.