Consider this article as a guide to your knee replacement surgery or related treatments that may be required upon consulting an orthopaedic surgeon. Since patients’ conditions differ, there isn’t any direct approach to meeting actual requirements for each patient at this approach, but our Orthopaedic specialist, Dr. Tanveer Singh Bhutani is an excellent choice when it comes to total knee replacement surgeries. Common Questions & answers;
How is a Total Knee Replacement Surgery Conducted?
Your knee replacement surgery will specifically depend on the extent of damage as confirmed on an X-ray, or MRI. Traditional knee replacement surgeries require an incision that may exceed 8inches, whereas minimally invasive procedures will require an incision of only 4 inches created to expose the damaged knee
During the procedure, which is performed under general anesthesia, the surgeon will separate your knee cap and place it aside. He will then cut and eliminate the damaged cartilage and bone, which is replaced with new components (artificial joint/implant) made from metal or plastic to work as the natural knee
2. What age and time is a knee replacement recommended?
More individuals are choosing a knee replacement surgery at quite a tender age in the current era. According to a study presented at the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) meeting in 2014, an increment of 120 knee replacement procedures had been recorded in consulted hospitals. Surgeons are in the best position to recommend a surgery for a patient depending on the extent of pain, life expectancy among others.
3. Will I feel Pain After A Knee Replacement Surgery?
Generally, pain after a knee replacement surgery is modulated by many ways. Arthroscopic surgeries or any other minimally invasive surgeries cause minor pain after the procedure, whereas other patients may feel more pain in case a traditional knee replacement surgery was conducted
The postoperative period will effectively be managed by administering Intravenously (IV) as soon as the surgery is concluded or can also be taken orally. Painkillers will then be prescribed
4. How long does the Implanted Knee Last?
The life expectancy of the implanted knee is confirmed to last between 15 to 21 years. Better knee replacement approaches such as Oxinium knee implants are considered to provide better efficacy, but more studies are still being conducted since the surgical approach is new
In younger individuals, there would be a necessity of a second surgery because the artificial joint is also subjected to wear and tear.
5. Is Physiotherapy Required for modern Knee Replacement Surgeries?
Yes, physiotherapy is a vital form of rehabilitation required after every knee or joint surgery. During this period, the physiotherapist will try to bend, straighten or move the knee in various directions for proper motion.
Not all exercises are recommended, but simple and approved exercises to help you get back on your feet will be suggested by a physiotherapist.
6. What is required Before & After a Knee Replacement Surgery?
A CPM machine, a walker or crutches is recommended before the surgery. You must also report to the hospital with a caretaker. A CPM machine helps to increase knee motion in the few weeks after the surgery and has the potential of minimizing the scar tissue.
Your physiotherapist may provide the machine in case you can’t afford it, but it is necessary to maximize your range of motion