What is Arthroscopy?

Arthroscopy is a procedure orthopedic surgeons utilize to diagnose, observe, and treat joint problems. This procedure/surgery is normally recommended in case a patient has a damaged, injured, or an inflammation.

This procedure is commonly performed on a knee, elbow, shoulder, ankle, hip, and wrist.

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The Arthroscopy Procedure

The procedure is performed under anesthesia, but its type is normally dictated by the type of procedure. It may take forty-five minutes or one hour for the surgeon to complete the procedure, depending on your type of surgery.

During the procedure, the patient is made to sleep on his or her belly, or lie on the back. Your limb that is to be treated will be placed in a positioning device. A sterile fluid will be filled in your knee, which causes swelling “distend” to create space for the surgery.

In other cases, a tourniquet is used to reduce blood loss and also help the surgeon see clearly inside the joint.

An incision is then made to allow a viewing device inside and additional incisions will also be made at different points where the surgeon inserts surgical tools to cut, grasp, and remove any debris to facilitate repair.

The incisions will then be closed.

Preparing for an Arthroscopy

Depending on your surgery, the doctor will provide you with various instructions before an Arthroscopy of knee in India. These will include;

  • Foregoing certain medications- these may include some medications you may be receiving at that time or dietary supplements

Prior to the procedure, certain foods are prohibited and this basically happens at least nine hours of your surgery.

You will be asked to show up with help, “someone to help you back home” and in addition, comfortable clothes such as baggy gym shorts are preferred.

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After the Surgery

The patient will be transferred to a recovery room for a couple of hours where he or she will receive special care and attention.

  • Medications
    Antibiotics will be prescribed alongside drugs for inflammation and pain. Aspirin is usually recommended to prevent blood clots. These must be taken as suggested by the doctor.
  • Support
    You may require a splint, crutches or a sling for support and protection.
  • Physiotherapy
    Physiotherapy is recommended to help you recover well and also help your muscles get used to the repair and also improve the joint function.

Arthroscopy Cost

An Arthroscopic surgery is highly affordable in India as compared to other countries.

Risks & When to Call the Doctor

Complications that may occur include;

  • Blood Clots
  • Infection
  • Tissue damage

You must also call your doctor in case of the following;

  • Severe swelling
  • Discharge
  • Numbness
  • Redness
  • Extreme pain
  • Fever
  • Tingling

Why can I opt for Arthroscopy?

Arthroscopic procedures are minimally invasive surgeries and more precise when observing the knee compared to other techniques like X-rays and CT scanning.

When compared to other orthopedic surgeries, this procedure doesn’t require the entire opening of the joint.

The procedure facilitates the collection of sample tissues which can subsequently be thoroughly examined.

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