Understanding Arthritis

Did you know that Arthritis is the leading cause of physical deformity in the India and did you know that there are various forms/types of arthritis yet arthritis is commonly used as a general term for joint pain?

The hip and the knee are the most important weight bearing joints in our body as they enable us live an active and pain-free life.

Currently, a more active lifestyle or demanding life have made arthritis of the knee and hip fairly common and as patients desire to stay active or relieve pain, some patients have resorted to the use of steroid injections to relieve pain. Dr. Tanveer Singh Bhutani, who is a senior orthopedic doctor at Eva Hospital strongly discourages the use of steroid injections, but rather, a patient ought to seek better treatment in other forms, including a knee replacement surgery or a hip replacement surgery in the presence of severe knee and hip damage

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What is Arthritis?

Arthritis is basically described as an inflammation of the joints. There are more than 100 types of arthritis, but the commonest ones are Osteoarthritis (OA) and Rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Arthritis affects people of all ages, sex, and nationality, but more common in older people mostly due to wear and tear.

Symptoms of Arthritis

The commonest symptoms of arthritis include;

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Stiffness
  • Decreased range of motion
  • Chronic pain (in the long run)

It must be noted that the arthritis symptoms vary from mild, moderate to severe pain. Moderate arthritis may tamper with one’s ability to perform daily activities, climb stairs, walk, get up or sit in a chair and so on.

Some arthritis types can affect the heart, eyes, skin, lungs, and even the kidney. Also, arthritis symptoms may come and go, but it is necessary to get an X-ray of the joint

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Types of Arthritis

Diagnosing the form of arthritis is the foundation for arthritis treatment in India. Ascertaining the extent of damage is another crucial step that can also be done by the orthopedic doctor. Some of the arthritis types include;

Degenerative Arthritis
Also known as Osteoarthritis, it is the most common type of arthritis that occurs when the cartilage wears away, causing the bones to rub on each other. This results in pain, a burning sensation, swelling, and stiffness

Inflammatory Arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis and Psoriatic arthritis are the commonest forms of inflammatory arthritis that occurs because of a poor immune system. A healthy immune system is necessary for protecting your body and internal organs from infections and diseases, but in case of any issue, the immune system can turn against itself and the joints.
This type of arthritis is believed to be triggered by environmental factors like smoking and genetics

Metabolic Arthritis
This type of arthritis is associated with the high levels of uric acid in the body. Uric acid is produced as the body breaks down purines, a substance common in the most types of food we eat and also present in human cells. Low levels of uric acid can easily be eliminated from the body, but cases where an individual naturally produces high levels of uric acid, this is hard. As a result, needle-like crystals in the joint are formed resulting in sudden spikes of extreme joint pain or a gout attack.

Infectious Arthritis
This occurs when a bacterium, fungus, or virus enters the joint resulting in an inflammation. Also, it can be triggered by sexually transmitted diseases like chlamydia and gonorrhea.

Treatment of Arthritis & Cost

Arthritis can be treated by various options categorized as surgical and non-surgical treatments. In case arthritis is becoming intolerable, a knee or joint replacement surgery can be done, however, this requires a high arthritis treatment cost in India.
Other home remedies like using cold compresses, avoiding dangerous activities and maintaining a proper lifestyle can ease arthritis.

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