Total Knee Replacement vs Partial Knee Replacement: What is the Ideal Treatment for Patients?

Deciding on the suitable form of arthritis treatment approach when it comes to surgery is a bit more complicated and perplexing on the side of the patient. However, as technology facilitates more precision, accuracy and desired outcomes, the young and old parading for knee replacement surgery are many compared to the old days in an effort to eliminate severe knee pain due to osteoarthritis.

Meanwhile, surgical approaches generally remain to be either partial knee replacement or total knee replacement with a few technical approaches witnessed such as image-guided technology. Knee replacement surgeries are commonly recommended for patients aged 50 and above.

Total Knee Replacement OR Partial Knee Replacement ?

The odds of undergoing a total knee replacement aren’t entirely based on the amount of pain experienced. In the real sense, many individuals who were taken to be total knee replacement candidates end up undergoing a partial knee replacement surgery after an effective and extensive diagnostic approach.

Patients with severely destructed knee joints, progressive pain, impaired function of the knee, and a reduced quality life are vividly taken to be total knee replacement candidates after being evaluated by an orthopaedic expert.

A total knee replacement means that the entire knee joint is to be replaced by a prosthesis made from metal or plastic for the patient to live a normal life again. Usually, a cemented prosthesis is utilized since it attaches to the bone with the surgical cement. This approach requires an extended period for adaptability to occur as compared to the partial knee replacement approach.

With the partial knee replacement approach, the surgeon will only look for the damaged parts or the knee, remove them, and replace them with an implant. This is only applicable when only a section of the knee joint is damaged and the other parts healthy.

Partial knee replacement surgeries are more preferred as they are precisely conducted through tiny incisions and since only a part of the knee joint is eliminated, it helps a patient to retain the natural components of the knee which makes them feel relatively normal or natural as compared to the total knee replacement procedure.

The Advantage of Timely Treatment

Usually, a knee joint is affected from the medial section (inside the knee) and in case no treatment is done, the inflammation or arthritis spreads to other sections, such as the lateral compartment (outside of the knee) and the patellofemoral compartment (in front of the knee). Studies indicate that 83% of arthritis cases begin from the medial section and in case diagnosed and effectively treated, there won’t be a need for knee replacement or partial knee replacement would be a perfect treatment approach in case required.

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