Truth be told, Knee Arthroscopy is an advanced surgical procedure with greater efficacy in the orthopaedic sphere. Hundreds annually undergo the surgery to correct different knee problems that require expertise. With this surgical approach, the patient is able to return to all his normal activities within a week or two.
What is a Knee Arthroscopy & What Does It Do?
A Knee Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure in which a surgeon can examine, diagnose any knee problem or treat it there and then. This surgical approach basically uses a specialized instrument known as an arthroscope. The arthroscope consists of a camera which the surgeon utilizes to visualize the inner parts of the knee joint and guides him while correcting the knee problem.
What makes a knee arthroscopy unique is the fact that no large incisions are required to examine the knee problem or correct them. The surgery also enables the surgeon to correct any knee problem without damaging the nearby soft tissue. The procedure generally requires a short period of time and its results are superior.
Knee Issues Corrected by an Arthroscopy
A number of knee issues corrected by a knee arthroscopy include
- Torn Meniscus
- Misaligned Patella
- Impaired Joint Ligaments
- Inflamed synovial tissue
- Loose fragments of joint cartilage and bones
- Trimming of damaged articular cartilage
- Any other knee condition as the surgeon may recommend.
A consultation with an orthopaedist will help you ascertain your candidacy. Normally, patients with knee pain are ideal candidates for a knee arthroscopy. However, the exact cause of pain must have been ascertained before the surgery. Candidates for a knee arthroscopy normally have the following conditions;
- Torn meniscus
- Torn anterior or posterior cruciate ligaments
- Fractures in the knee bones
- Swollen synovium
- Require Baker’s cyst removal
- A dislocated patella
Does a Knee Arthroscopy Require Preparation?
Usually, any preparation depends on the extent of damage or the problem to be corrected. However, the following stand similar for all patients. You might be requested to discontinue any kind of medication and supplements that might interfere with your surgery.
- Candidates should completely refrain from aspirin or ibuprofen at least two weeks before the surgery
- You may have to take some medicines to reduce discomfort or chances of infection prior to the procedure.
- Your surgeon may request you to eat or drink nothing 11 hours before your surgery.
The Knee Arthroscopy- How is the Procedure?
A knee arthroscopy is an accurate and precise procedure and usually lasts for 40 minutes. The procedure can be performed with the help of local, general or regional anaesthesia.
A positioning device is at times used to stabilize the knee.
Once anaesthesia is administered, the surgeon will make a tiny incision in the knee after which a saline solution is pumped into the knee to expand it. The solution makes it easier for the surgeon to operate the damaged knee.
An arthroscope is then inserted into your knee and the projected image is evaluated on the screen. This is normally conducted for diagnostic purposes. In case correction is required, the surgeon will make another incision where a specialized instrument is introduced to rectify any issue in the knee joint.
Once the procedure is done, the surgeon will drain out the saline solution and the incisions are closed.
Knee Arthroscopy recovery & after
- You are more likely to be discharged on the same day and your knee will be covered with a dressing.
- Ice packs are required to reduce swelling and minimize pain
- You are required to elevate your leg to relieve pain and you will have to change the dressing.
- You must head back to your surgeon for a follow-up appointment
- Simple exercises to help your knee heal properly will be provided
- Avoid risky activities that may compromise with your results.
- Apart from a ligament reconstruction, patients are able to return to their normal activities in a few weeks as compared to an open surgery
- Lifestyle changes may be required for some patients as a way of protecting the treated knee joint.
- Any concerns pertaining driving, sports, and any other vigorous activities must be discussed with your surgeon.